時間星期六 10:30 - 13:15
課程講師 卜永堅 (39437062 / firstname.lastname@example.org)
The study of history is at once a science, an art and a craft. Why? In what sense? This course answers this question with concrete case study. Different types of historical archives will be selected, and ways with which these archives are interpreted will be demonstrated. Major themes of historical study will also be introduced. To be more specific, this course focuses on the complex process of interaction between China and the West in the 19th century.
By the end of the course, students will:
* Have enhanced awareness and curiosity of professional historical knowledge and its relevance to today’s major issues or personal concerns;
* Have enhanced judgment to distinguish narratives from facts;
* Have enhanced ability to practice the craft, science and art of historical research;
* Have enhanced reading, writing, and oral expression skills.
[To be revised and updated]
Lecture 01 (2024.01.13): Modern China and the Metaphors of Ship; Course Introduction
(1) J. L. Cranmer-Byng ed., An Embassy to China: Lord Macartney’s Journal, 1793-1794 (1962), in Patrick Tuck ed., Britain and the China Trade 1635-1842 (London and New York: Routledge, 2000), Vol. VIII, 212-213.
(2) J.L. Cranmer-Byng and A. Shepherd, “A reconnaissance of Ma Wan and Lantao Islands in 1794”, Journal of the Hong Kong Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (JHKBRAS) 4 (1964), 105-119.
(3) Emperor Qianlong’s decree on the matter of “Kow-tow,” issued on 1793.08.14, in Zhongguo diyi lishi danganguan中國第一歷史檔案館編ed, Yingshi ma ga er ni fanghua dang’an shiliao huibian英使馬戛爾尼訪華檔案史料彙編 (Beijing: Guoji wenhua chuban gongsi, 1996), 42-43.
(4) Emperor Qianlong’s reply to King George III, in Franz Schurmann and Orville Schell ed., China Readings 1: Imperial China (London: Penguin Books, 1967), 99-107.
(5) Liu E劉鶚 (1857-1909), trans. Yang Xianyi and Gladys Yang, The travels of Lao Can 老殘遊記 (Beijing: Chinese Literature, 1983), 16-22.
Lecture 02 (2024.01.20): Western International Law (I)
Lecture 03 (2024.01.27): Western International Law (II)
(1) Lin Xuezhong林學忠, Cong wanguo gongfa dao gongfa waijiao: wanqing guojifa de chuanru, quanshi yu yingyong 從萬國公法到公法外交：晚清國際法的傳入、詮釋與應用 [From international law to international law diplomacy: the introduction, interpretation and application of international law in late Qing] (Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 2009).
(2) Lam Hok-chung (Lin Xuezhong)林學忠, “Learning the new law, envisioning the new world: Meiji Japan’s reading of Henry Wheaton”, Japanese Yearbook of International Law 56 (2013), 4-36.
(3) Civilized Warfare? Four British military officers’ accounts of the First Opium War:
(3.1) Lord Robert Jocelyn (Military Secretary to the China Mission), Six Months with the Chinese Expedition; or, Leaves from a Soldier‘s Note-book (London: J. Murray, 1841), 71-73.
(3.2) Sir Edward Belcher卑路乍(Commander of HSS Sulphur, a surveying ship), Narrative of a Voyage Round the World: Performed in Her Majesty‘s Ship Sulphur During the Years 1836-1842: Including Details of the Naval Operations in China, From Dec. 1840 to Nov. 1841 (London: Colburn, 1843), 152-153.
(3.3) William Dallas Bernard, Narrative of the Voyages and Services of the Nemesis, from 1840 to 1843; and of the Combined Naval and Military Operations in China: Comprising a Complete Account of the Colony of Hong-Kong, and Remarks on the Character and Habits of the Chinese (London: Henry Colburn, 1844), 263.
(3.4) John Ouchterlony (the Madras Engineer Corps), The Chinese War: an Account of All the Operations of the British Forces from the Commencement to the Treaty of Nanking (London: Saunders and Otley, 1844), 96, 194.
(4) Friedrich Engels, “Persia-China”, New York Daily Tribune 5032 (1857.06.05), 6. Also see https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1857/06/05.htm.
(5) A clip from The Bridge on the River Kwai, directed by David Lean (Horizon Pictures, 1957).
(6) A clip from Huoshao yuanmingyuan火燒圓明園[The Summer Palace burnt down] directed by Li Hanxiang (1983) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V26PRvdz-jg (56:40-1:04.08)
Lecture 04 (2024.02.03): Globalization, Imperialism and China: the IMC
(1) Hans van de Ven, Breaking with the Past: the Maritime Customs Service and the Global Origins of Modernity in China (New York: Columbia University Press, 2014).
(2) Tang Xianglong湯象龍, Zhongguo jindai haiguan shuishou he fenpei tongji 中國近代海關稅收和分配統計[Statistics of the IMC tax revenue and its distribution] (Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1992).
(3) University of Bristol, Chinese Maritime Customs Project 中國海關近代史研究項目 http://www.bristol.ac.uk/history/customs/
Public Holiday: Chinese New Year. Kung Hey Faat Choy! NO CLASS!
Lecture 05 (2024.02.17): Likin (1): Two Consular reports
(1) Byron Brenan, “Report on the State of Trade at the Treaty Ports of China”, October 15, 1896, presented to both Houses of Parliament, May 1897, in Foreign Office 1897 Annual Series, No. 1909, Diplomatic and Consular Reports on Trade and Finance, in Robert L. Jarman ed., Shanghai Political & Economic Reports: British Government Records from the International City 10 (Slough: Archive Editions, 2008), 293-364.
(2) Nicholas J. Hannen (British Consul at Shanghai), “Report for the Year 1896 on the Trade of Shanghai”, May 27, 1897, presented to both Houses of Parliament, June 1897, in Foreign Office 1897 Annual Series, No. 1951, Diplomatic and Consular Reports on Trade and Finance, in Robert L. Jarman ed., Shanghai Political & Economic Reports: British Government Records from the International City 10 (Slough: Archive Editions, 2008), 261-289.
(3) Gong Zizhen, ed. Xia Tianlan夏田藍, Gong zizhen quanji leibian龔自珍全集類編 [Collected works of Gong Zizhen by categories] (1937 edition, rpt. Beijing: Zhongguo shudian, 1991), 37.
Lecture 06 (2024.02.24): Likin (2): The Blackburn Chamber of Commerce Report
(1) “F. S. A. Bourne’s Section”, Report of the Mission to China of the Blackburn Chamber of Commerce 1896-97 (Blackburn: The North-East Lancashire Press Co., 1898), 1-152.
(2) Timothy J. McKeown, “Hegemonic Stability Theory and 19th Century Tariff Levels in Europe,” International Organization 37, No. 1 (Winter 1983), 73-91.
(3) Percy Ashley, Modern Tariff History: Germany-United States-France (London: John Murray, 1920).
Lecture 07 (2024.03.02): Imperialism
(1) Nathan A. Pelcovits, The Old China Hands and the Foreign Office (New York: Octagon Books, 1969).
(2) P. J. Cain and A. G. Hopkins, “‘Maintaining the Credit-Worthiness of the Chinese Government’: China, 1839-1911,” British Imperialism 1688-2000 (London: Longman, 2001), 360-380.
(3) Algernon Cecil, “Chapter VIII: The Foreign Office”, in A. W. Ward and G. P. Gooch eds.,The Cambridge History of British Foreign Policy, 1783-1919 3 (rpt. New York: Octagon Books, 1970), 539-542, 580-615.
(5) Chris Cook and Brenda Keith, British Historical Facts 1830-1900 (London: MacMillan, 1984).
Lecture 08 (2024.03.09): Late Qing currency system
(1) “The Proposed Land Investment Co., Limited”, North China Herald, Vol. 17, (1888.12.07), 637-638.
(2) Han-sheng Chuan (全漢昇), “The economic crisis of 1883 as seen in the failure of Hsü Jun’s real estate business in Shanghai,” in Chi-ming Hou and Tzong-shian Yu eds., Modern Chinese Economic History—Proceedings of the Conference on Modern Chinese Economic History (Taipei: The Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, 1979), 493-498.
(3) Kwong-ching Liu (劉廣京), “Credit facilities in China’s early industrialization: the background and implications of Hsü Jun’s bankruptcy in 1883”, comments on Han-sheng Chuan’s paper, in Chi-ming Hou and Tzong-shian Yu eds., Modern Chinese Economic History—Proceedings of the Conference on Modern Chinese Economic History (Taipei: The Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, 1979), 499-509.
(4) Charles Ewart Darwent, Shanghai: a Handbook for Travellers and Residents to the Chief Objects of Interest in and around the Foreign Settlements and Native City (Shanghai; Hongkong: Kelly and Walsh, n.d.).
(5) George Lanning, The History of Shanghai (Shanghai: Kelly & Walsh. 1921).
(6) Andrea Lee McElderry, Shanghai Old-style Banks (chʻien-chuang), 1800-1935: a Traditional Institution in a Changing Society (Ann Arbor: Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan, 1976).
(7) John C. Ferguson, “Notes on Chinese Banking System in Shanghai,” Journal of the North-China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society XXXVIL (1906 rpt. Nendeln/Liechtenstein: Kraus Reprint Ltd, 1967), 55-82.
(8) Hosea Ballou Morse (1855-1934), International Relations of the Chinese Empire III (1918, rpt. Folkestont, Kent, UK: Global Oriental, 2008), 324-25 n119.
Lecture 09 (2024.03.16): Semester Paper Workshop (I)
Lecture 10 (2024.03.23): Semester Paper Workshop (II)
Public Holiday: The day following Good Friday. NO CLASS
Lecture 11 (2024.04.06): Semester Paper Workshop (III)
Lecture 12 (2024.04.13): Semester Paper Workshop (IV)
Lecture 13 (2024.04.20): Semester Paper Workshop (V) and Conclusion
Semester Paper: 90%
Class Performance: 10%
* Minimum 5,000 English words including footnotes.
* No bibliography is needed.
* To be submitted to Veriguide on or before 23:59:59, Monday 22 April, 2024 (two days after the last lecture).
* Delay of submission by one day leads to deduction of 10 marks, for instance, from 90 to 80, and so forth.
* Topic of the semester paper: Sound and fury a century ago: of the “Correspondence” of The North-China Herald (1924.01.05-1924.04.26)
Two Important Websites
* CUHK Blackboard in which all course materials are uploaded:
* CUHK History Department Course Website: