時間星期三 10:30 - 12:15
地點李兆基樓208室 (LSK 208)
課程講師 馬思途 (firstname.lastname@example.org)
助教 WANG Shu (email@example.com)
This course focuses on the history of ideas of ‘freedom’ and ‘slavery’ in a global context from antiquity to the present day. Moving broadly from antiquity to the present day, it looks at the emergence of the major intellectual traditions on the subject in Greece and Rome, ancient China, the Islamic and Middle Eastern world, medieval Europe, the Renaissance, and the Enlightenment. It culminates by focusing on the twentieth and twenty-first century, addressing the conflict between individualist and collectivist ideologies such as capitalism, fascism, and communism and thinking about human trafficking and modern-day slavery. The course will not only educate students in the history of freedom and slavery, but will help them understand important policy issues facing Hong Kong and China in the future.
1.(Jan 10) Introduction
Reading: Isaiah Berlin, Two Concepts of Liberty pp. 3-10 only [negative & positive liberty];
2.(Jan 17) Ancient Greece
Pericles, Funeral Oration at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/pericles-funeralspeech.asp
Aristotle, Politics 1.2-7, 12-13.
Manumission Inscriptions of Female Slaves at Delphi: http://www.attalus.org/docs/other/inscr_24.html
4.(Jan 31) Roman Republic
Livy, Bk 1.preface & 17, Bk 2 1-15
Sources on Roman slavery https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/ancient/slavery-romrep1.asp
5.(Feb 7) Roman Empire & Christianity
Tacitus, Annals opening http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Tacitus/Annals/1A*.html
St Augustine, De civitate Dei, XIX, 1, 14-18 http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/120119.htm
6.(Feb 14) Holiday – Happy Lunar New Year!
(Feb 21) Slavery & Liberty in Traditional China
Slave deed from Tang China http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/ps/china/slave_deed.pdf
“Slavery in Ming China,” in Palgrave Handbook of Global Slavery Throughout History. Springer International Publishing, 2023. https://julac-cuhk.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/852JULAC_CUHK/1dl2t2q/alma991040412868403407
7.(Feb 28) Middle Ages
Jean Froissart, Chronicle, 2.73-78 (pp. 652-668) [pdf]
J.H. Robinson (trans.), Translations and Reprints from the Original Sources of European history (Philadelphia, 1897), 3.5 (‘English Manorial Documents’) [pdf]
Medieval Sourcebook, documents on ‘The Slave Trade’ and ‘The Church and Slavery’ https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/sbook1u.asp
8.(Mar 6) No Class – Reading Week!
9.(Mar 13) Middle East & Islam
Sahih al-Bukhari 49 (on the manumission of slaves) https://sunnah.com/bukhari/49
Richard Hakluyt, ‘The Worthy Enterprise of John Fox, in Delivering 266 Christians out of the Hands of the Turks,’ in Daniel J. Vitkus (ed.), Piracy, Slavery, and Redemption: Barbary Captivity Narratives from Early Modern England (New York, 2001), 55-70 [pdf]
10.(Mar 20) Renaissance Republicanism, Imperialism & the Transatlantic Slave Trade
Machiavelli, Discourses (extracts)
John Bardot on Slavery http://www.vgskole.net/prosjekt/slavrute/1.htm
Equiano on the Middle Passage http://www.vgskole.net/prosjekt/slavrute/6.htm
Look at: https://www.slavevoyages.org/
11.(Mar 27) The Enlightenment, Liberalism & Abolitionism
Mill, On Liberty (Chs 1-2) https://socialsciences.mcmaster.ca/econ/ugcm/3ll3/mill/liberty.pdf
Douglass, What to A Slave is the Fourth of July? http://masshumanities.org/files/programs/douglass/speech_abridged_med.pdf
12.(Apr 3) Slavery’s Long Shadow
Plessy v Ferguson (1896) [pdf]
Ney dos Santos Oliveira, ‘Favelas and Ghettos: Race and Class in Rio de Janeiro and New York City,’ Latin American Perspectives (1996) 23.4: 71-89 [pdf]
Mui-Tsai in Hong Kong: Report of the Committee Appointed by His Excellency the Governor Sir William Peel, K.C.M.G., K.B.E. [pdf]
13.(Apr 10) Individualism vs. Collectivism in the 20th Century
Lenin, Our Programme (1899) https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1899lenin-program.asp
Lenin, State and Revolution (1918) https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/lenin-staterev.asp
1936 Constitution of the USSR, Ch 1 http://www.departments.bucknell.edu/russian/const/36cons01.html
Hayek, The Constitution of Liberty, part 1.2 “Creative Powers of a Free Civilization.”
Milton Friedmann, “The Relationship between Economic Freedom and Political Freedom” https://www.pauldeng.com/teaching/development/Friedman%20the%20relation%20between%20economic%20freedom%20and%20political%20freedom.pdf
14.(Apr 17) Modern Slavery & Human Trafficking
Global Slavery Index 2018 Executive Summary https://www.globalslaveryindex.org/2018/findings/executive-summary/
Brian O’Keefe, ‘Bitter Sweets,’ Fortune (March 2016) https://fortune.com/longform/big-chocolate-child-labor/
Tobias Jones and Ayo Awokoya, ‘Are Your Tinned Tomatoes Picked by Slave Labour?’ The Guardian (June 2019) https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jun/20/tomatoes-italy-mafia-migrant-labour-modern-slavery
Course Evaluation at 6pm.
20% 4*1-page response papers (5% each)
For 4 of the 13 weeks of readings, please produce a 1-page argument-driven mini essay (no more than 400 words), answering the question: “What is the most important take-away from the reading, and why?” Send to Professor by email before Friday 5pm after the related lecture. Veriguide Receipts must also be submitted but these can be sent at the end of the term.
20% Participation in Tutorial
Active and enthusiastic participation in the tutorial on the basis of the reading (5% per tutorial).
20% attendance and participation in lecture
40% Final Essay
N.B. This is a no-ChatGPT class! Use of LLMs is not permitted for any assignment.