香港中文大學 歴史系 歴史系
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HIST5503MC 古代及近世世界史特別專題:古埃及文明之現代詮釋
[於2021-22年已修讀HIST6016MC或HIST7016MC之學生,不得修讀此科]

2022-2023年度 第一學期

時間星期四 16:30 - 18:15

地點馮景禧樓太古堂1號演講廳 (SWH 1)

語言英語

課程講師 蒲慕州教授 (muchoupoo@cuhk.edu.hk)

助教 REBONG, Ma. Donna Solis (mdsrebong@link.cuhk.edu.hk)

課程簡介

本課程之目的在提供學生有關古埃及文明之基礎知識,包括歷史,藝術,宗教,文學,社會,科技等方面之主題。此外,學生亦有機會經由埃及之例子學習到現代人有關古代文明之觀念是如何形成的,如古埃及形象在西方歷史中的轉變,以及近代以來埃及主題在藝術,文學及電影中的呈現。希望學生在學習本課程之後,能夠對埃及這古老文明及社會有進一步確切的瞭解,並且能夠發展出反省歷史及歷史知識之性質的能力,意識到歷史知識可以如何在人們的有意無意之中被利用或者曲解。

課程大綱

Week 1. Introduction: The Myth of Egypt throughout History
       a.  Greek and European Views of a Mythical Egypt
       b.  The Mystery Unveiled: The Story of Modern Egyptology
       蒲慕州,《法老的國度》第一章; Ian Shaw, Chapter 1
 
Week 2.  The Basic Facts
       a.  Geography and Climate
       b.  Race and Language
       c.  Sources of History
       蒲慕州,《法老的國度》第二章; Ian Shaw, Chapter 2-3
 
Week 3.  Political Organization
       a.  The “Unification” of Egypt
       b.  The Organization of Government
       c.  The Provincial administration
       d.  The Army and Empire building
       蒲慕州,《法老的國度》第三章; Ian Shaw, Chapter 4      
 
Week 4.  The Pyramids
       a.  The Beginning of Stone Architecture
       b.  The Evolution of the King’s Tombs
       c.  Technological aspects of the Pyramids
       蒲慕州,《法老的國度》第四章; Ian Shaw, Chapter, 5; Smith, Chapters 4-7.
 
Week 5.  Religious Beliefs
       a.  Religion: Definition Problems
       b.  The Pyramid Texts and Religious Systems
       c.  The Nature of the Gods
       d.  The Egyptian Temple and Funerary Cults
       e.  Ethics and Religion
       蒲慕州,《法老的國度》第五章; H. Frankfort, Ancient Egyptian Religion, chapters 1-4.
 
Week 6.  Daily life of the commoners
       a. Agriculture and food
       b. Husbandry and fishing
       c. Domestic industries
       d. Entertainment and sport

       Kasia Szpakowska, Daily Life in Ancient Egypt: Recreating Lahun, chapters 4-5

 
Week 7.  Egypt as a Political Power
       a. The Beginning of the Egyptian Empire
       b. The Amarna Period
       c. The Remesside Period
       蒲慕州,《法老的國度》第八章; Ian Shaw, Chapter 8-9
 
Week 8.  The Principle of Egyptian Art
       a. Rules of Painting and Sculpture
       b. Canon and Proportion
       c. Function and Aesthetics
       d. Architecture
       蒲慕州,《法老的國度》第九章; Smith, Chapters 8-10.
 

Week 9.  Literature
       a. Biography
       b. Stories
       c. Poetry
       d. Religious literature
       e. Official texts
       蒲慕州,《法老的國度》第六,七章; Ian Shaw, Chapter 7; Harris, chapter 9.
 
Week 10. Science and Technology
       a. Writing system
       b. Stone Masonry
       c. Medicine
       d. Mathematics
       Harris, chapters 2, 4, 5.

Week 11. The Transformation of Egyptian Civilization

  1. The Late Period (21-26 Dynasties)
  2. The Persian and Assyrian Conquest
  3. The Ptolemaic period
  4. The Roman period

      蒲慕州,《法老的國度》第十,十一章; Ian Shaw, Chapter 12-15.
 
Week 12. The Modern myth of Ancient Egypt
      a. Art
      b. Literature
      c. Cinema
      S. MacDonald & M. Rice, Chapters 1, 2, 5, 6, 9, 10.
 
Week 13.  Conclusion and Review

課程評核及作業

課程要求及成績評量(所有問題及作業均必須以英語進行)

  1. 出席 (10%)
  2. 課堂參與 (30%)
  3. 導修 (20%)
  4. 期末報告 (40%)
導修

Tutorial Schedule: Thursday, 6:30 – 7:15 PM

Venue: Swire Hall 1, Fung King Hey Building (SWH 1)

Each student is required to participate all the tutorial classes, and need to submit one tutorial report (1000-1500 words). The tutorial papers shall be presented in class in week 6-10.

Tutorial subjects: 

  • Find a movie about ancient Egypt, describe its content, and comment on the “Egyptian” elements: compare with what you know of the costume, religion, or history of ancient Egypt.
  • Find a documentary about ancient Egypt, introduce its content, and comment on the angle of the narrative: was it objective? Romanticized? Critical?
  • Read an Egyptian story, and discuss what you learned from the story about ancient Egyptian society and culture.
  • Read the Biblical story of Exodus, and find references to discuss the Egyptian background of the story.  
  • Any other subjects approved by the teacher.
參考書目

Required readings

  1.  蒲慕州,《法老的國度》(台北:麥田,2001).
  2.  Ian Shaw, The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt.(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).
  3.  H. Frankfort, Ancient Egyptian Religion (New York: Harper & Row, 1961).
  4.  W. S. Smith (rev. by W. K. Simpson), The Art and Architecture of Ancient Egypt (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965, 1981).
  5.  J. R. Harris, The Legacy of Egypt(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971).
  6.  S. MacDonald and M. Rice eds., Consuming Ancient Egypt(London: University College Press: 2003).
  7.  Szpakowska, Kasia Maria, Daily Life in Ancient Egypt: Recreating Lahun(Blackwell Publishing, 2008)

Recommanded Readings

  1. B. G. Trigger et. al., Ancient Egypt, A Social History. (Cambridge University Press, 1983).
  2. B. J. Kemp, Ancient Egypt, Anatomy of a Civilization. (London: Routledge, 1991).
  3.  M. Lichtheim, Ancient Egyptian Literature 3 vols. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973-80).
  4.  N. Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt (Oxford: Blackwell, 1992).
  5.  蒲慕州,《尼羅河畔的文采:古埃及文選》(台北:遠流,1993)
其他

Notice of class activities

Read assigned readings before each class, take notes, pose a question and send to the teacher and TA one day before class. This shall begin from week 2 to week 11.  The question should be written in the form of a short paragraph, stating the reason for you to ask the question, what is your own view? If you have different view from what you read, state your reason. In a word, we need a question that is the result of careful reading and thinking.  The questions will be discussed in the tutorial sessions.

Week 2: write a personal statement about your interest in history, and explain why.

Week 2-11: send in at least one question/comment on the weekly readings one day before class. The quality of the question will count toward your final score of the course. The questions should be sent to the teacher and the TA.

Week 6: term paper topic and outline due before class. Contact the teacher for the paper topic.

Week 6-10: ppt presentation of the tutorial paper in class.

Week 11-13: ppt presentation of term paper

Term paper and tutorial paper due two weeks after the semester ends

Send in your questions and reports to both the instructor and the TA.

學術著作誠信

請注意大學有關學術著作誠信的政策和規則,及適用於犯規事例的紀律指引和程序。詳情可瀏覽網址:http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/policy/academichonesty/

學生遞交作業時,必須連同已簽署的聲明一併提交,表示他們知道有關政策、規則、指引及程序。

  • 如屬小組習作,則所有組員均須簽署聲明;所有組員(不論有否簽署聲明及不論有否直接或間接撰寫有問題的內容)均須負上集體責任及受到懲處。
  • 如作業以電腦製作、內容以文字為主,並經由大學「維誠」系統 (VeriGuide) 提交者,學生將作業的電子檔案上載到系統後,便會獲得收據,收據上已列明有關聲明。

未有夾附簽署妥當的聲明的作業,老師將不予批閱。

學生只須提交作業的最終版本。

學生將作業或作業的一部份用於超過一個用途(例如:同時符合兩科的要求)而沒有作出聲明會被視為未有聲明重覆使用作業。學生重覆使用其著作的措辭或某一、二句句子很常見,並可以接受,惟重覆使用全部內容則構成問題。在任何情況下,須先獲得相關老師同意方可提交作業。

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