香港中文大學 歴史系 歴史系
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HIST3326 History of Modern Europe

2021-2022年度 第一學期

時間星期三 早上10時30分 至 中午12時15分

地點潤昌堂 LPN LT

語言英語

課程講師 孫達文 (ncshust@cuhk.edu.hk)

助教 HE Ziyang, Naomi (1155132274@link.cuhk.edu.hk)

課程簡介

This course will study the History of Europe during the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, a period known as “Modern Europe,” (as opposed to “Contemporary Europe,” which covers the late twentieth century up to the present day). Modern Europe differs from other periods in that the people who lived through it were conscious of their own modernity, and frequently commented on it and interrogated what it meant to live in a society where so much was changing so quickly. We will begin the course with the Europe that emerged in the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars and the first wave of industrialization, and the rest of what historians call the “long nineteenth century” that lasted until 1914. Topics will include the rise of mass culture and consumer society; the social changes that led to the modern labor movement and the rise of Marxism; the intellectual and artistic reactions to modernity; colonization and its impacts on Europe and on Europeans’ self-understanding. From there, we will go to the “short twentieth century” – the period from 1914 to 1991 – and study the major traumas of the first half of the century, including WWI, the Russian Revolution, the rise of totalitarianism, World War II, and the Holocaust, before finishing with the cold war and the relative prosperity of Western Europe during the following decades. As the final phase of the course will cover a period of history which the students will consider to be distant history like the rest of the course, but which the professor remembers living through, it is at this point that he will be begin to feel very, very old.

課程大綱

Week 1:  Introduction

Week 2: Industrialization, urbanization, and mass culture

Reading: Secondary

Blanning, ed The Oxford History of Modern Europe-  2. The Industrialization of Modern Europe 1750-1914 — Clive Trebilcock

Reading: Primary

Edward Jenner, Vaccination against Smallpox – via Jenner – gale eighteenth century collections online – Cases 1-5
the people’s charter – https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1838chartism.asp
factory texts – https://victorianweb.org/history/workers2.html, https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1842womenminers.asp

(Note: no class on 22 September)

 

Week 4: 1848 and the rise of Marxism

 

Reading: Secondary
The Nineteenth Century : Europe, 1789-1914, edited by T.C. W. Blanning  Ch 5 International politics, peace, and war, 1815–1914: The Vienna system, The system undermined and overthrown, 1848–1861

Reading: Primary
Engels- principles of communism – https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1847/11/prin-com.htm
Paris, 1848: https://history.hanover.edu/texts/fr1848.html
Irish Famine: Irish famine – http://xroads.virginia.edu/~Hyper/SADLIER/IRISH/Skibbere.htm
Rerum Novarum – 1-9, 14-15, 20, 23, 40 –  https://www.vatican.va/content/leo-xiii/en/encyclicals/documents/hf_l-xiii_enc_15051891_rerum-novarum.html

 

Week 5: Colonization

Reading: Secondary
The nineteenth century : Europe, 1789-1914, edited by T.C. W. Blanning ch 6 Overseas expansion, imperialism, and Empire, 1815–1914

Reading: Primary
John Staurt Mill, On Colonies and Colonization, https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1849jsmill-colonies.asp
https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1883hebrides.asp

 

Week 6: World War I

Reading: Secondary
Tim Travers, The War in the Trenches (Pages: 213-227), from Gordon Martel, ed.,  A Companion to Europe 1900–1945, ed.

Reading: Primary
In Flanders Fields – https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems/47380/in-flanders-fields
Dulce et Decorum Est – https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems/46560/dulce-et-decorum-est
All Quiet on the Western Front – Chapters 4 and 11 – http://explainallquietonthewesternfront.weebly.com/uploads/2/4/7/2/24722875/all_quiet_on_the_western_front.pdf
Ellen LaMotte, “The Backwash of War” – “Alone,” “Women and Wives.”

 

Week 7: Russian Revolution

Reading: Secondary
Companion, ” War and Revolution,” 243-258, and “The Socialist Experiment,” 292-308

Reading: Primary
Police report on Petrograd: https://alphahistory.com/russianrevolution/police-conditions-in-petrograd-1916/
Lenin’s call to power: https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1917lenin1.asp
Chernov’s speech https://alphahistory.com/russianrevolution/chernov-on-constituent-assembly-1918/

Oral History Project on the History of the Ukraine Famine, at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=pur1.32754061309195&view=1up&seq=1&skin=2021. Please read the English-language summaries found on pages 1167, 1172, 1177, 1440, 1447, 1452, 1513, 1518, 1622. Note that the bulk of this book is not in English. Note, too, that the on-line version of this text can be quite slow in loading.

 

 

Week 8: The Rise of Totalitarianism

Reading: Secondary
Blanning ed/The Great Civil War: European Politics, 1914-1945 — PAUL PRESTON

Reading: Primary
Gentile/Mussolini, “What is Fascism” – https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/mussolini-fascism.asp
Fred Thomas, To Tilt at Windmills, 5-32

 

Week 9: The Holocaust and after

Reading: Secondary
Companion, The Holocaust (Pages: 472-486)

Reading: Primary
Ofer and Weitzman, eds., Women in the Holocaust, 109-119; 273-284
Universal Declaration of Human Rights, https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1948HUMRIGHT.asp

 

Week 10: Cold War Europe

Reading: Secondary
David Reynolds, Europe Divided and Reunited,” Blanning, ed.

Reading: Primary
Churchill, “Iron Curtain,” https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/churchill-iron.asp
Krushchev, UN speech: 94-115, 138-174; https://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/155185.pdf?v=9f7ac7df82c2cf1162b9f845c67ef067

 

Week 11: Decolonization

Reading: Secondary
Klaus Larres, Editor, A Companion to Europe since 1945: David R. Devereux, The End of Empires: Decolonization and its Repercussions (Pages: 113-132)

Reading: Primary
Fanon, Wretched of the Earth, conclusion  – https://www.marxists.org/subject/africa/fanon/conclusion.htm
Ho Chi Minh, Declaration of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, September 2, 1945;

 

 

Week 12: 1968

Reading: Secondary
Gildea, et. al, Europe’s 1968: Voices of Revolt, “Revolutions,” “Gender and Sexuality,”

Reading: Primary
Havel, The Power of the Powerless
Eyewitness account of Paris 1968: Rue Gay-Lussac; May 13; The Sorbonne Soviet – https://www.marxists.org/history/france/may-1968/libertarian-communist-account.htm
The Brezhnev Doctrine – https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1968brezhnev.asp
Phone conversation transcript, Brezhnev and Dubcek: https://nsarchive.gwu.edu/sites/default/files/pages/doc_81.pdf

 

Week 13: 1989-1991

Reading: Secondary
None

Reading: Primary
The Black book of Bosnia, selections (pdf/blackboard)
Ronald Reagan, “Tear Down this Wall” (video) – https://chnm.gmu.edu/1989/items/show/567
Havel speeches: https://chnm.gmu.edu/1989/items/show/111  and https://chnm.gmu.edu/1989/items/show/112

 

課程評核及作業

3 short quizzes @ 5 points, 10 points, 10 points on Weeks 4, 8, 12

At least one will include a map

You will not need to know every post-1991 state in Eastern Europe

Tutorial: 20 points

Primary Source write-ups on Blackboard Forum (3 per student): 15 points

Primary Source collection assignment: 20 points

Take-home final: 20 points

學術著作誠信

請注意大學有關學術著作誠信的政策和規則,及適用於犯規事例的紀律指引和程序。詳情可瀏覽網址:http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/policy/academichonesty/

學生遞交作業時,必須連同已簽署的聲明一併提交,表示他們知道有關政策、規則、指引及程序。

  • 如屬小組習作,則所有組員均須簽署聲明;所有組員(不論有否簽署聲明及不論有否直接或間接撰寫有問題的內容)均須負上集體責任及受到懲處。
  • 如作業以電腦製作、內容以文字為主,並經由大學「維誠」系統 (VeriGuide) 提交者,學生將作業的電子檔案上載到系統後,便會獲得收據,收據上已列明有關聲明。

未有夾附簽署妥當的聲明的作業,老師將不予批閱。

學生只須提交作業的最終版本。

學生將作業或作業的一部份用於超過一個用途(例如:同時符合兩科的要求)而沒有作出聲明會被視為未有聲明重覆使用作業。學生重覆使用其著作的措辭或某一、二句句子很常見,並可以接受,惟重覆使用全部內容則構成問題。在任何情況下,須先獲得相關老師同意方可提交作業。

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