課程講師 Amrita SHODHAN (firstname.lastname@example.org)
助教 黃心禺 (email@example.com)
Aim: To introduce the modern political history of South Asia in national and international contexts. To be aware of the historiography of modern India, Bangladesh and Pakistan, as it is informed by nationalism, colonialism and partitions.
The focus of the course will be the political history of twentieth century South Asia. We will examine the intellectual and ideological trends as well as the associated administrative and political structures as they evolved from the imperial to the post-colonial period. The course aims to provide the background necessary to follow contemporary issues and politics of modern south Asia.
The course will proceed chronologically, first, examining the various strands of political and cultural developments to 1947. Then it will look at partition and its impact on culture, politics and international relations. The post-colonial period from independence to the 1970s will be examined by looking at the broad themes of inter-state relations and the growth of democratic and authoritarian challenges in each state. The early challenges faced by both the new states will be examined in their internal ideological and cold-war international contexts.
Students will have a good understanding of the complexities of the political history of south Asia – primarily India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. They will be able to identify the complex themes in any discussion of South Asian politics, understand on-going issues in the global and local contexts.
In addition, students will acquire important transferrable skills of reading primary materials, locating them in a context of politics and power thus enhancing their critical faculties. Having presented and written well-argued essays, they should be able to speak clearly and with confidence amongst their peers.
Week 1 – Introduction to the course – short film – Dastaan episode 1 / Pyaasa
Representation of history/ historiography
Week 2 – Brief history of Empire – feudalism and orientalism
Exploitation and Development
Week 3 – The All India Muslim League
Nation or minority rights
Week 4 –The Indian National Congress and mass nationalism
Dominance and hegemony
Week 5 – The history of Communist and Socialist organisation
Labour and peasants
Week 6 – The Fragments of the nations
Emancipatory ideologies – women and lower castes
Week 7 – Partition and aftermath
Security concerns and closing minds
Week 8 – Trajectories of religious nationalism in south Asia
Hindu and Muslim 1920s to 1960s
Week 9 – Beginning a post-colonial relationship
Kashmir and River waters
Week 10 – Democracy and Authoritarianism – India to 1970
Jawaharlal Nehru to Indira Gandhi
Week 11 – Democracy and Authoritarianism – Pakistan to 1970
Liaqat Ali to Ayyub
Week 12 – Democratic demands 1970-177 India, Bangladesh, Pakistan
Language, democratic demands, emergency
Week 13 – Consequences for the present
The course will meet once a week for two hours. This time will be split between a lecture and a longer seminar with a short break in-between. The seminar will consist of a discussion around the topic of the week, you are expected to participate actively and productively having read all essential assigned texts.
There will be four tutorials focusing on reading and analysing primary texts.
In addition students will have to submit THREE pieces of work
A book review submitted digitally, in week 4 – 2000 words counting for 20% of the grade,
A presentation in the tutorial (to be confirmed individually) – counting for 20% of the grade (submit a power-point or word notes, and an oral presentation in class/ or zoom or other socially distanced presentation)
A final essay – submitted digitally, in week 13 – 5000 words counting for 60% of the total grade. This essay may be presented early to allow comments and feedback to improve the essay before final submission.
Please note Late essays and plagiarism will be handled strictly in line with University policy.
Tutorial 1. – The Idea of India and Pakistan – popular perceptions
In film and literature
Tutorial 2 – The Idea of India and Pakistan – Political statements
Nehru, Jinnah, Ambedkar
Tutorial 3 The Kashmir tangle
UN resolutions, Sheikh Abdullah, Amanullah Khan
Tutorial 4 Pakistan/Bangladesh/India at 1971
Indira Gandhi, Mujibur Rahman, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
General Reading for the Course:
Ian Talbot A History of Modern South Asia: Politics, States, Diasporas, New Haven: Yale University Press, 2016.
Jalal, Ayesha and Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia: history, culture, political economy, London: Routlege, 1998 or later – 2004, 2010 multiple eds available. Online versions are available on the blackboard.
Jalal, A. (1995). Democracy and Authoritarianism in South Asia: A Comparative and Historical Perspective (Contemporary South Asia). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511559372
Films like Mother India – 1957; or tv drama Dastaan –2010 (both available on YouTube.