Topic Studies in Public History:The Rule of Law in World History | 香港中文大學歷史系
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HIST4700MM Topic Studies in Public History:
The Rule of Law in World History

時間tbc

地點tbc

語言英語

課程講師 馬思途
墨瞻史 ((852) 3943 1531 / (852) 3943 7858 / smcmanus@cuhk.edu.hk)

助教 CAO Huiyi (caohuiyi@link.cuhk.edu.hk)

課程簡介

    This course introduces students to the major themes and events in Western legal history, beginning with the legacy of ancient Greek and Roman law and culminating in its global legacy in the modern U.S. and Asia. It combines aspects of both the content and social history of the law (text and context) as it developed over time from antiquity to the present day. Key topics include the emergence of the Roman legal tradition, its reception in antiquity and the Middle Ages, the development of non-Roman legal systems such as English Common Law, and the spread of international and commercial law in the early modern period. It concludes by considering the impact of the various Western legal traditions in the modern world (especially contemporary China), helping students understand present-day legal changes in historical context.

課程大綱

Lecture 01: Introduction (Morton & McManus)

Aristotle, Politics III.16
Plato, Statesman, 294a-296a 
Endicott, “The Impossibility of the Rule of Law” 
Explore this resource: https://worldjusticeproject.org/our-work/research-and-data/wjp-rule-law-index-2019 

 

Lecture 02: Greece and Republican Rome (Morton)

Aristotle, The Athenian Constitution 1-11, 20-25: https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/ancient/aristotle-athcon.txt
Polybius, The Constitution of the Roman Republic: http://homepage.usask.ca/~jrp638/DeptTransls/Polybius.html
Han Feizi the Legalist, “The Five Vermin” http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/ps/cup/hanfei_five_vermin.pdf  

 

Lecture 03: Justinian (McManus)

Codex of Justinian, 1st, 2nd & 3rd Prefaces, Book I.1 https://droitromain.univ-grenoble-alpes.fr/Anglica/codjust_Scott.htm 
Institutes, Preamble & Book 1, titles 1-3, Book  2, titles 1-6 & 10-12 https://droitromain.univ-grenoble-alpes.fr/Anglica/iust_institut_Scott.html 
Tang Code, “The Great Abominations” http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/ps/cup/zhangsun_wuji_great_tang_code.pdf 

 

Lecture 04: Barbarian Codes and Post-Roman Law (Morton)

Katherine Fisher Drew (trans.), The Laws of the Salian Franks (Philadelphia, 1991), 28-39, 171-182 https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/cuhk-ebooks/detail.action?docID=3441443
Katherine Fisher Drew (trans.), The Lombard Laws (Philadelphia, 1973), 39-60 https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/cuhk-ebooks/detail.action?docID=3441539
S.P. Scott (trans.), The Visigothic Code (Forum Judicum) (Boston, 1910), 1-14 [pdf]

 

Lecture 05: Canon and Civil Law (Morton)

Gratian, The Treatise on Laws (Decretum DD. 1-20) With the Ordinary Gloss, trans. Augustine Thompson (Washington, D.C., 1993), Introduction (ix-xxvii), Distinction 10 (32-37), Distinctions 15-18 (53-76): https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/cuhk-ebooks/detail.action?docID=3135130

 

Lecture 06 Common Law (McManus)

Justice Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England (Introduction part 3 “Of the Laws of England” & Book 1 Chapter 1 “Of the Absolute Rights of Individuals”) https://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/b/blackstone/william/comment/contents.html 
“Entick v Carrington” https://www.bailii.org/ew/cases/EWHC/KB/1765/J98.html 

 

Lecture 07: Humanism and Natural Law (McManus)

Aquinas on Natural Law https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/source/aquinas2.asp 
Francisco de Vitoria, On the American Indians (extracts)

 

Lecture 08: Commerce and Navigation (Morton)

Hugo Grotius, The Freedom of the Seas, trans. Ralph van Deman Magoffin (Oxford, 1916), 1-10, 22-64 [pdf]

 

Lecture 09: The Codification Movement (Morton)

French Constitution (1791), Preamble, Titles 1-3: http://www.historywiz.com/primarysources/const1791text.html
Napoleonic Code, Preliminary Title, Book 1 Title 1, Book 2 Titles 1-2: http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/government/c_code.html 
Friedrich Carl von Savigny, The Vocation of Our Age for Legislation and Jurisprudence, trans. Abraham Hayward (London, 1999), 13-35, 41-65, 92: https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/cuhk-ebooks/detail.action?docID=3117696

 

Lecture 10: US Law (McManus)

US Constitution, Preamble & articles 1-4 https://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution 
Introduction to Property https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WSNTJ8Lh6A4
Capture and Dealing with common property https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nuwqzAQ0TMA 
Pierson v. Post http://www.courts.state.ny.us/reporter/archives/pierson_post.htm 

 

Lecture 11: British Imperial Law (Morton)

Return to An Address of the Honourable The House of Commons, Dated 14 May 1858, for A ‘Copy of Any Charter of Justice, or Orders in Council in the Nature of Charters of Justice, for the Colonies of St Helena and Hong Kong’ [pdf]

 

Lecture 12: Hong Kong Law Today (McManus)

The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China https://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/basiclawtext/images/basiclaw_full_text_en.pdf 
Download the app: https://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/news/mobileapp.html 

 

Lecture 13: Chinese Civil Law (McManus)

General Provisions of the Civil Code, Chs 1-2 https://www.chinalawtranslate.com/bilingual-general-provisions-of-the-civil-code/?lang=en 
The Socialist System of Laws with Chinese Characteristics http://www.npc.gov.cn/englishnpc/c2761/201110/cea25fcbc9894e51861732d15bacb163.shtml 
Basic Law Quiz

課程評核及作業

Assessment 30% 6*1-page response papers (5% each)

For 4 of the 13 weeks of readings, please produce a 1-page argument-driven mini essay (no more than 400 words), answering the question: “What is the most important take-away from the reading, and why?”  Send to relevant Professor by email before Friday 5pm after the related lecture. Veriguide Receipts must also be submitted but these can be sent at the end of the term. 

Participation in Tutorial 20%

 Active and enthusiastic participation in the tutorial on the basis of the reading (7.5% per tutorial). 

Quiz 10%

A quiz in class (basic law, key terms). 

Attendance and participation in lecture 20% 

Each student is required to attend the weekly lecture and the tutorials, as well as participate in class exercises, etc. (10%).  Students must also ask at least two questions over the course of the semester (you must announce your name before you ask the question) (10%) with half the grade given for asking the questions (5%), then the other half given for the quality/relevance of the questions (5%).  From time to time, we will also cold-call students on students.

Final Project  20%

(15%) Write an argument-focused essay on a topic of your choice related to the course.  You may also choose a creative assessment, e.g. write their own law code, commentary on law, etc. (2500 words minimum, 3000 words maximum, plus references). 

(5%) 1-page proposal by week 8 and compulsory visit to office hours.

導修

Tutorial accounts for 20% of the final grade. Students have to attend 4 tutorial classes. More details will be announced.

參考書目

Additional Reading

    There is no textbook. However, students looking for an introduction to the topic should refer to: Tamar Herzog, A Short History of European Law: The Last Two and A Half Millennia, 2019 [on hold in library] and Brian Z. Tamanaha, On the Rule of Law: History, Politics, Theory, 2004 [CUHK Ebook; there is also a Chinese translation with Wuhan University Press, as well as translations into several other languages].  

學術著作誠信

請注意大學有關學術著作誠信的政策和規則,及適用於犯規事例的紀律指引和程序。詳情可瀏覽網址:http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/policy/academichonesty/

學生遞交作業時,必須連同已簽署的聲明一併提交,表示他們知道有關政策、規則、指引及程序。

  • 如屬小組習作,則所有組員均須簽署聲明;所有組員(不論有否簽署聲明及不論有否直接或間接撰寫有問題的內容)均須負上集體責任及受到懲處。
  • 如作業以電腦製作、內容以文字為主,並經由大學「維誠」系統 (VeriGuide) 提交者,學生將作業的電子檔案上載到系統後,便會獲得收據,收據上已列明有關聲明。

未有夾附簽署妥當的聲明的作業,老師將不予批閱。

學生只須提交作業的最終版本。

學生將作業或作業的一部份用於超過一個用途(例如:同時符合兩科的要求)而沒有作出聲明會被視為未有聲明重覆使用作業。學生重覆使用其著作的措辭或某一、二句句子很常見,並可以接受,惟重覆使用全部內容則構成問題。在任何情況下,須先獲得相關老師同意方可提交作業。

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