Theme:
Movement of goods and passengers between ports-cities not only leads to costal trading networks, they also inevitably change social and economic lives of people in these ports and cities and subsequently their hinterland countrymen.  Thus far, studies of ports-cities have shed light on interactive political and economic relationship between trading centres.  This conference will focus on socio-economic lives and cultural identities shaped by the movement of goods, people, knowledge and information particularly when faced with a transnational crisis.

The century from 1850-1950, before the end of the World War II and the early 1950s’ nation building movement, witnessed three major transnational crises which had significant impacts on the ways of living and the construction of identities among the Chinese population in South-East Asian ports-cities.  These crises are: (1) bubonic plagues in the 1880s and 1920s; (2) global economic crisis from the late 1920s to early 1930s and (3) the Japanese occupation from 1940 to 1945, particularly in South China and Southeast Asia.  Participants are also invited to contribute work on other transnational crises/events such as the impact of communism, impact of new technology on fishing population in the 1940s and 50s, and the ethnic identification movement in the early 1950s which resulted in mass trans-border migrations in Southwest China and the Indochina Peninsular as well as movements between China and Indonesia.

In this conference we will, from a comparative perspective, discuss the effects of the crises and how they impact the social and economic lives of people in South-East Asian ports-cities.  We will look at institutional measures, rituals and festivals, communication, knowledge and information exchange as well as identity (re-)construction.  We will also pay attention to how the local community responded to knowledge and information between ports-cities and cities-hinterland.

While the focus is on one or more of the above mentioned transnational crises, participants may either concentrate on one particular port/city or look at the issues from a comparative perspective.

主題:
港口,城市之間的貨物和乘客的移動,不僅刺激沿海貿易網絡中心的增長,它們也不可避免地改變這些港口城市,以至其腹地人民的社會和經濟生活。港口,城市的研究一直專注於貿易中心之間的政治和經濟的互動關係。本次會議期望通過考察社會遭遇危機時,人們的社會經濟生活和文化認如何被商品,人脈,知識和資訊往來所影響和模塑。在1850年代到1950年代的一個世紀之間,也就是環球殖民的高峰到二戰結束和1950年代初“民族國家建設運動”期間,在東亞港口-城市生活的華人見證了最少三個衝擊他們的生活方式和身份認同的跨國危機,即 (1)1880年代到1920年代之間的鼠疫和港口衛生的問題; (2)1920年代後期到1930年代的全球經濟和金融危機的問題,以及 (3)19401945年太平洋戰爭,日本佔領中國南方和東南亞地區三、四年間,政治軍事帶來的地方衝擊。與會者也歡迎撰寫其他跨國危機與社會經濟生活的文章,如1940-50年代共產主義對東南亞國家民衆的影響,機械化對漁業人口和生產的影響、以及50年代初期民族識別運動導致中國西南地區大規模跨境遷移和印度支那半島以及中國和印尼之間的民族跨境運動等。

在這個會議上,我們會從比較的角度,討論在東亞港口城市的人們如何面對上述的跨國危機、這些危機又如何影響和塑造他們的社會和經濟生活。我們將著眼於制度性的規範、儀式與節日、知識和資訊交流以及身份的建構和重構。我們同時注目港口城市和城市之間,城市和腹地之間的互動關係。與會者可以集中在一個或多個上述主題。他/她既可以集中在一個特定的港口-城市或從比較的角度討論跨地域的問題。