The Chinese University of Hong Kong Department of History Department of History
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HIST3441 Museum and Heritage

Semester 1 (2023-2024)

Lecture TimeMonday, 16:30 - 18:15

VenueRoom 301, Wu Ho Man Yuen Building (WMY 301)


Lecturer FOK Yeung Yeung (39431779 (請盡量先以電郵聯絡) /

Teaching Assistant HUANG Xiadong (

Course Description

This course covers the evolution of concepts and theories related to museums and cultural heritage, as well as diverse definitions of contemporary museums and cultural heritage. By means of case studies and field trips, this course aims to equip students with a comprehensive understanding of the practical aspects involved in museum operations and cultural heritage preservation, along with their significance in modern society. Through an analysis of the historical development of international conventions and codes pertaining to cultural heritage, it emphasizes the importance of international and regional collaboration in achieving sustainable conservation and management practices for cultural heritage.


Lecture 1: Introduction & course outline

Lecture 2: The origin and development of the concept of museum and cultural heritage

Lecture 3: Museum curation and public education

Lecture 4: Historical evolution of cultural heritage conservation in Hong Kong

Lecture 5: (National Day Public Holiday)

Lecture 6: The operation and management system of UNESCO World Heritage

Guided tour: World Heritage–Macao Historic City: 14/10 (Sat) OR 15/10 (Sun) (Optional day)

Lecture 7: Cultural heritage in the context of international conflict

Site Visit 1: North Kowloon Magistracy 28/10 (Sat)

Lecture 8: Cultural heritage and social change

Guest talk: Dr. Cesare Cuzzola (Research Associate at the University of Leicester, UK)  on  ‘It’s still alive and living’: Material culture in socially-engaged practice

Lecture 9 : Museums and interpretation of aboriginal history

Lecture 10 : Site visit 2 – Po Leung Kuk Museum 13/11 (Mon)

Lecture 11: Diversity of world cultural heritage: conservation of world cultural heritage in Africa

Guest talk: Mr. Rodney Bunhiko (Associate Culture Programme Officer at UNESCO in Zimbabwe)

Lecture 12 Challenges of international museum cooperation: the loss of cultural treasures and restitution

Guest talk: Dr. Zhang Zheng (Lecturer at the Depart. of  Museum Studies, School of Archeology, Jilin University, China )


Assessment & Assignments

1. Final paper 40%

Students are required to formulate their own research questions and adhere to a word limit of 5000 words/(characters in Chinese ) (excluding references and interpretations). A tolerance of plus or minus 10% is acceptable, resulting in a word range between 4500 and 5500 words.

2. Tutorial performance and report 30%

The topic focuses on the Utilization and Protection of World Cultural Heritage, specifically examining the Historic Center of Macau as a case study. The format includes a visit to Macau Historical City, tutorial reports, and discussions (refer to “Tutorial” section for further details).

3. Site visits and reports 20%

It consisted of two local site visits to Po Leung Kuk History Museum and North Kowloon Magistracy. Students are required to choose one of the site visits to write a report. Students are required to select one field trip as the basis for their report topic, adhering to a word limit of 2500 words (excluding references and interpretations). Thus, the acceptable word range is between 2250 and 2750 words.

4. In-class performance and participation 10%

The above individual and group assignments are due on or before 12:00 noon on 11 December.




【 Utilization and Protection of World Cultural Heritage: A Case Study of the Historic Center of Macau 】

10% field trip (The class of 50 will be divided into two batches for a field trip to  Macau on 14 or 15 October respectively. The Department will subsidize the one-way Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge shuttle bus ticket from Hong Kong to Macau at a fare of 65HKD)

Tutorial oral presentation and written report  20% (50 people are divided into 7 to 8 groups to participate in the tutorial presentations. Required to attend two tutorial sessions, present the findings and submit a tutorial report of 3000 words for the whole group, the word limit and minimum 10%)





Smith, L. (2006a). Authorised heritage. In L. Smith (Ed.), Uses of heritage (pp. 84-191). Oxon: Routledge.

Smith, L. (2006b). Response to authorised heritage. In L. Smith (Ed.), Uses of heritage (pp. 192-297). Oxon: Routledge.

Smith, L. (2006c). Use of heritage (1. publ. ed.). London u.a.: Routledge.

Su, X. (2014). Urban entrepreneurialism and the commodification of heritage in China. Urban Studies, 52.

Harrison, R. (2008). The politics of the past: Conflict in the use of heritage in the modern world. In G. J. Fairclough (Ed.), The heritage reader (pp. 177-190). London: London: Routledge.

Harrison, R. (2012). Heritage: Critical approaches. London: Routledge.

Babou, I. (2019). Natural heritage, participatory democracy, and UNESCO: A structure of disillusionment?

Chiang, M., Huang, L., Huang, S., & Hsiao, H. M. (2017). Policy formation and civil society engagement in heritage-making in Taiwan: A historical examination. In H. M. Hsiao, Y. Hui & P. Payam (Eds.), Citizens, civil society, and heritage-making in Asia (pp. 232-250). SG: ISEAS – Yusof Ishak Institute.

Chih-yu Shih. (2020). From “Asia’s east” to “East Asia”: Aborted decolonisation of Taiwan in the cold-war discourse. Asian Perspective, 44(2), 279-302.

Hall, S. (1999). Whose heritage? Un-settling ‘the heritage’, re-imagining the post-nation. Third Text, 13(49), 3.

Hsiao, H. M., Hui, Y., & Peycam, P. (2017). Citizens, civil society, and heritage-making in Asia. SG: ISEAS – Yusof Ishak Institute.

Lin, F. C. (2015). Heteroglossia Asia: The transformation of urban Taiwan. Abingdon, Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge.

Lu, T. L. -. (2009). Heritage conservation in postcolonial Hong Kong. International Journal of Heritage Studies, 15(2), 258-272.

Matsuda, A., & Mengoni, E. (2016). Introduction: Reconsidering cultural heritage in East Asia. In A. Matsuda, & E. Mengoni (Eds.), Reconsidering cultural heritage in East Asia (pp. 31-46). London: Ubiquity Press.

Tien, C. (2010). The formation and impact of museum clusters: Two case studies in Taiwan. Museum Management and Curatorship, 25(1), 69-85.

Trifu, I. (2018). Dealing with a difficult past: Japan, South Korea, and the UNESCO world heritage list. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Walsh, K. (1992). The representation of the past: Museums and heritage in the post-modern world (1st ed.). GB: Routledge Ltd.

Waterton, E., & Watson, S. (2010). Heritage and community engagement: Collaboration or contestation? London: Routledge.

Zhu, Y. (2020). In Maags C. (Ed.), Heritage politics in China: The power of the past. London; New York, New York: Routledge.



Honesty in Academic Work

Attention is drawn to University policy and regulations on honesty in academic work, and to the disciplinary guidelines and procedures applicable to breaches of such policy and regulations. Details may be found at

With each assignment, students will be required to submit a signed declaration that they are aware of these policies, regulations, guidelines and procedures.

  • In the case of group projects, all members of the group should be asked to sign the declaration, each of whom is responsible and liable to disciplinary actions, irrespective of whether he/she has signed the declaration and whether he/she has contributed, directly or indirectly, to the problematic contents.
  • For assignments in the form of a computer-generated document that is principally text-based and submitted via VeriGuide, the statement, in the form of a receipt, will be issued by the system upon students’ uploading of the soft copy of the assignment.

Assignments without the properly signed declaration will not be graded by teachers.

Only the final version of the assignment should be submitted via VeriGuide.

The submission of a piece of work, or a part of a piece of work, for more than one purpose (e.g. to satisfy the requirements in two different courses) without declaration to this effect shall be regarded as having committed undeclared multiple submissions. It is common and acceptable to reuse a turn of phrase or a sentence or two from one’s own work; but wholesale reuse is problematic. In any case, agreement from the course teacher(s) concerned should be obtained prior to the submission of the piece of work.

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