Lecture TimeWednesday 10:30am - 12:15pm
Lecturer Noah SHUSTERMAN (email@example.com)
Teaching Assistant HE Ziyang, Naomi (firstname.lastname@example.org)
This course will study the History of Europe during the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, a period known as “Modern Europe,” (as opposed to “Contemporary Europe,” which covers the late twentieth century up to the present day). Modern Europe differs from other periods in that the people who lived through it were conscious of their own modernity, and frequently commented on it and interrogated what it meant to live in a society where so much was changing so quickly. We will begin the course with the Europe that emerged in the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars and the first wave of industrialization, and the rest of what historians call the “long nineteenth century” that lasted until 1914. Topics will include the rise of mass culture and consumer society; the social changes that led to the modern labor movement and the rise of Marxism; the intellectual and artistic reactions to modernity; colonization and its impacts on Europe and on Europeans’ self-understanding. From there, we will go to the “short twentieth century” – the period from 1914 to 1991 – and study the major traumas of the first half of the century, including WWI, the Russian Revolution, the rise of totalitarianism, World War II, and the Holocaust, before finishing with the cold war and the relative prosperity of Western Europe during the following decades. As the final phase of the course will cover a period of history which the students will consider to be distant history like the rest of the course, but which the professor remembers living through, it is at this point that he will be begin to feel very, very old.
Week 1: Introduction
Week 2: Industrialization, urbanization, and mass culture
Blanning, ed The Oxford History of Modern Europe- 2. The Industrialization of Modern Europe 1750-1914 — Clive Trebilcock
Edward Jenner, Vaccination against Smallpox – via Jenner – gale eighteenth century collections online – Cases 1-5
the people’s charter – https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1838chartism.asp
factory texts – https://victorianweb.org/history/workers2.html, https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1842womenminers.asp
(Note: no class on 22 September)
Week 4: 1848 and the rise of Marxism
The Nineteenth Century : Europe, 1789-1914, edited by T.C. W. Blanning Ch 5 International politics, peace, and war, 1815–1914: The Vienna system, The system undermined and overthrown, 1848–1861
Engels- principles of communism – https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1847/11/prin-com.htm
Paris, 1848: https://history.hanover.edu/texts/fr1848.html
Irish Famine: Irish famine – http://xroads.virginia.edu/~Hyper/SADLIER/IRISH/Skibbere.htm
Rerum Novarum – 1-9, 14-15, 20, 23, 40 – https://www.vatican.va/content/leo-xiii/en/encyclicals/documents/hf_l-xiii_enc_15051891_rerum-novarum.html
Week 5: Colonization
The nineteenth century : Europe, 1789-1914, edited by T.C. W. Blanning ch 6 Overseas expansion, imperialism, and Empire, 1815–1914
John Staurt Mill, On Colonies and Colonization, https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1849jsmill-colonies.asp
Week 6: World War I
Tim Travers, The War in the Trenches (Pages: 213-227), from Gordon Martel, ed., A Companion to Europe 1900–1945, ed.
In Flanders Fields – https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems/47380/in-flanders-fields
Dulce et Decorum Est – https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems/46560/dulce-et-decorum-est
All Quiet on the Western Front – Chapters 4 and 11 – http://explainallquietonthewesternfront.weebly.com/uploads/2/4/7/2/24722875/all_quiet_on_the_western_front.pdf
Ellen LaMotte, “The Backwash of War” – “Alone,” “Women and Wives.”
Week 7: Russian Revolution
Companion, ” War and Revolution,” 243-258, and “The Socialist Experiment,” 292-308
Police report on Petrograd: https://alphahistory.com/russianrevolution/police-conditions-in-petrograd-1916/
Lenin’s call to power: https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1917lenin1.asp
Chernov’s speech https://alphahistory.com/russianrevolution/chernov-on-constituent-assembly-1918/
Oral History Project on the History of the Ukraine Famine, at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=pur1.32754061309195&view=1up&seq=1&skin=2021. Please read the English-language summaries found on pages 1167, 1172, 1177, 1440, 1447, 1452, 1513, 1518, 1622. Note that the bulk of this book is not in English. Note, too, that the on-line version of this text can be quite slow in loading.
Week 8: The Rise of Totalitarianism
Blanning ed/The Great Civil War: European Politics, 1914-1945 — PAUL PRESTON
Gentile/Mussolini, “What is Fascism” – https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/mussolini-fascism.asp
Fred Thomas, To Tilt at Windmills, 5-32
Week 9: The Holocaust and after
Companion, The Holocaust (Pages: 472-486)
Ofer and Weitzman, eds., Women in the Holocaust, 109-119; 273-284
Universal Declaration of Human Rights, https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1948HUMRIGHT.asp
Week 10: Cold War Europe
David Reynolds, Europe Divided and Reunited,” Blanning, ed.
Churchill, “Iron Curtain,” https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/churchill-iron.asp
Krushchev, UN speech: 94-115, 138-174; https://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/155185.pdf?v=9f7ac7df82c2cf1162b9f845c67ef067
Week 11: Decolonization
Klaus Larres, Editor, A Companion to Europe since 1945: David R. Devereux, The End of Empires: Decolonization and its Repercussions (Pages: 113-132)
Fanon, Wretched of the Earth, conclusion – https://www.marxists.org/subject/africa/fanon/conclusion.htm
Ho Chi Minh, Declaration of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, September 2, 1945;
Week 12: 1968
Gildea, et. al, Europe’s 1968: Voices of Revolt, “Revolutions,” “Gender and Sexuality,”
Havel, The Power of the Powerless
Eyewitness account of Paris 1968: Rue Gay-Lussac; May 13; The Sorbonne Soviet – https://www.marxists.org/history/france/may-1968/libertarian-communist-account.htm
The Brezhnev Doctrine – https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1968brezhnev.asp
Phone conversation transcript, Brezhnev and Dubcek: https://nsarchive.gwu.edu/sites/default/files/pages/doc_81.pdf
Week 13: 1989-1991
The Black book of Bosnia, selections (pdf/blackboard)
Ronald Reagan, “Tear Down this Wall” (video) – https://chnm.gmu.edu/1989/items/show/567
Havel speeches: https://chnm.gmu.edu/1989/items/show/111 and https://chnm.gmu.edu/1989/items/show/112
3 short quizzes @ 5 points, 10 points, 10 points on Weeks 4, 8, 12
At least one will include a map
You will not need to know every post-1991 state in Eastern Europe
Tutorial: 20 points
Primary Source write-ups on Blackboard Forum (3 per student): 15 points
Primary Source collection assignment: 20 points
Take-home final: 20 points
Attention is drawn to University policy and regulations on honesty in academic work, and to the disciplinary guidelines and procedures applicable to breaches of such policy and regulations. Details may be found at http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/policy/academichonesty/.
With each assignment, students will be required to submit a signed declaration that they are aware of these policies, regulations, guidelines and procedures.
Assignments without the properly signed declaration will not be graded by teachers.
Only the final version of the assignment should be submitted via VeriGuide.
The submission of a piece of work, or a part of a piece of work, for more than one purpose (e.g. to satisfy the requirements in two different courses) without declaration to this effect shall be regarded as having committed undeclared multiple submissions. It is common and acceptable to reuse a turn of phrase or a sentence or two from one’s own work; but wholesale reuse is problematic. In any case, agreement from the course teacher(s) concerned should be obtained prior to the submission of the piece of work.