The Chinese University of Hong Kong Department of History Department of History
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HIST3181 中國近代社會經濟史

Semester 1 (2019-2020)

Lecture TimeThursday 4:30pm-6:15pm

VenueLSB C1


Lecturer CHOI Chi Cheung ((852) 3943 7127 /

Teaching Assistant YIP Kin Fu (

Course Description

This course examines the traditional Chinese society and its modern transformation. Emphasis will be placed on (1) basic socio-economic structures, (2) matters of social stratification and mobilization and (3) interrelationship of state economy and local society. Topics include: land and people, population, family and lineage, rural social structure, social stratification and mobility, gentry and leaders, social and economic networks, urban development, China and capitalism, state and local economy, merchants and guilds, religion and popular belief, and rebellion and revolution.

Students are required to actively participate in tutorial discussions and complete various training assignments and writing an end-of-term paper.


2019年9月5日 導論: 課題與討論

Rawski, Evelyn S. (1985) “Economic and social foundations of late imperial China” in Johnson, David, A.J.Nathan and E.S.Rawski ed. Popular Culture in Late Imperial China, Univ. of California Press, pp.3-33.

*—–. (1991) “Research themes in Ming Qing socioeconomic history: the state of the field”, Journal of Asian Studies 50(1): 84-112.

*Siu, Helen (2016), “Reflections on historical anthropology” in Siu, Helen, Tracing China: a forty-year ethnographic journey, Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, pp.9-29

Zhao, Li, (2013) “Conceptualizing the social economy in China” Modern Asian Studies 47(3): 1083-1123


2019年9月12日  土地、人群與社會

*Fairbank and Reischauer (1984): ch.1 “The setting of Chinese history”

*Koss, Daniel, (2017) “Political geography of empire: Chinese varieties of local government” The Journal of Asian Studies 76(1): 159-184

Smith, Christopher J. (1991) China: People and Places in the Land of one Billion, Boulder: Westview Press

Wong David W.S., Kenneth K.K. Wong, Him Chung and James J. Wang (2018) China: A Geographical Perspective, New York: the Guilford Press.

*Zhao Songqiao (1994) Geography of China: Environment, Resources, Population and Development, New York: Willey


2019年9月19日  人口的長期發展

Banister, Judith (1987) China’s Changing Population, Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.

*Eastman (1988): ch.1 “Population: growth and migration”

Harrell, Stevan (ed.) (1995) Chinese Historical Microdemography, Berkeley: University of California Press.

*Ho, Ping-ti, (1959) Studies on the Population of China, 1368-1953, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press

Peng Xizhe (2000) The Changing Population of China, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers

曹树基, (2001)中国人口史, 第四卷明时期、第五卷清时期,复旦大学出版社


2019年9月26日 社會的基礎結構I:家庭和宗族

Hanley, Susan B and Arthur P. Wolf (1985) Family and Population in East Asian History, Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press

Szonyi, Michael (2002), Practicing Kinship: lineage and descent in late Imperial China, Stanford: Stanford University Press.

*Watson, James L. (1982) “Chinese kinship reconsidered: anthropological perspectives on historical research” China Quarterly 92: 589-622.

*Watson, Rubie (2004) “The Creation of a Chinese Lineage: The Teng of Ha Tsuen, 1669-1751” in James Watson and Rubie Watson, Village Life in Hong Kong, Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong (reprint of 1982 from Modern Asian Studies 16(1): 69-100.



2019年10月3日 社會的基礎結構 II:廟宇和地方社會

*Liu Tik-sang, (2003) “A Nameless but active religion: an anthropologist’s view of local religion in Hong Kong and Macau” The China Quarterly 174:373-394.

*Wolf, Arthur, (1974), “God, ghost and ancestors” in Arthur Wolf (ed.) Religion and Ritual in Chinese Society, Stanford Univ. Press, pp.131-182

廖迪生 (2000),香港天后崇拜, 香港:三聯書店

陈春声、郑振满编 (2003),民间信仰与社会空间, 福建:福建人民出版社。


2019年10月10日 中期測驗


2019年10月17日 農田經濟

Cao, Xinyu (2010-2011), “From Famine history to crisis metaphor” Chinese Studies in History 44(1): 156-171

*Eastman (1988) ch.4 “Agriculture: an overview”

Perkins, Dwight, (1969) Agricultural Development in China, 1368-1968, Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company

Rawski, Evelyn (1972) Agricultural Change and the Peasant Economy of South China, Harvard University Press.

*Buck, Pearl (1931), The Good Earth, (many reprints such as 1953 Methuen, 2005 Pocket Books, 2012 Open Road Media) [The House of Earth: volume 1 The Good Earth (1931) volume 2 Sons (1933) volume 3 A House Divided (1935)]


2019年10月24日  社會分層與社會流動

Cheung Chung-li (1955), The Chinese Gentry, University of Washington Press

Elman, Benjamin and A. Woodside (1994) “Afterward: the explanation of education in Ch’ing China” in Elman, Benjamin and A. Woodside (eds.) Education and Society in Late Imperial China, 1600-1900, Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.

Esherick, Joseph and Mary Rankin (1990) eds, Chinese Local Elites and Patterns of Dominance, University of California Press

Ho Ping-ti, (1959) Studies on the Population of China, Harvard University Press

*—-(1962) The Ladder of Success in Imperial China, Columbia University Press

*Skinner, G.William (1976) “Mobility strategies in Late Imperial China: a regional systems analysis” in Carol A. smith (ed.) Regional Analysis I, 327-64, (New York: Academic Press)


2019年10月31日 市場、網絡與網絡化的世界

*Skinner, G.William, (1964-65), “Marketing and social structure in rural China” parts 1-3, Journal of Asian Studies 24:3-43, 195-228, 363-399.


2019年11月14日 銀與近代中國的貿易與價格

*Frank, Gunder, (1998) ReOrient: Global Economy in the Asian Age, University of California Press (白银资本)

Hang, Xing, (2015) Conflict and commerce in maritime East Asia: the Zheng family and the shaping of the modern world, c.1620-1720, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Li Xiantang (2011) The paradoxical effects of silver in the economies of Ming and Qing China, Chinese Studies in History 45(1): 84-99.

Shiroyama, Tomoko, (2008) China during the great depression: market, state and the world economy, 1929-1937, Harvard University Press.

*Zhao Yf (2011), “Great divergence or great convergence? A civilizational view of the historical trend in Ming-Qing China” Chinese Studies in History 45(1): 69-83

Zhong, Weimin (2010) “The roles of tea and opium in early economic globalization: a perspective on China’s crisis in the 19th century” Frontiers of History in China 5(1): 86-105

全漢升,美洲白銀與十八世紀中國物價革命的關係, 及相關論文(載中國經濟史論叢)


2019年11月21日 商人、國家與地方經濟

*Feuerwerker (1995) “The state and the economy in late Imperial China” and “Three Kuan-tu Shang-pan enterprises” in Feuerwerker, Studies in the Economic History of Late Imperial China, Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan, Centre for Chinese Studies, pp.13-45, 201-272.

Fewsmith, Joseph (1985) “From guild to interest group: the transformation of public and private in late Imperial China” Comparative Studies in Society and History 25: 617-640.

Furth, Charlotte (2011) “The art of doing good: charity in late Ming China” The Journal of Asian Studies 70(3): 808-810

Lin, Yuju and Madeleine Zelin eds (2014) Merchant Communities in Asia, 1600-1980, London: Pickering & Chatto Publishers Ltd.

Lufrano, Richard, (2013) “Minding the minders: overseeing the brokerage system in Qing China” Late Imperial China 34(1): 66-

Mann, Susan (1987) Local Merchants and the Chinese Bureaucracy, Stanford University Press.


2019年11月28日 正統與異端:國家與地方社會

*Watson, James (1985) “Standardizing the gods: the promotion of Tien Hou (‘Empress of Heaven’) along the South China coast, 960-1960” in David Johnson, A.J.Nathan, and E.S.Rawski (ed.) Popular Culture in late Imperial China (California), pp.292-324

*Special Issue on “Ritual, Cultural Standardization and Orthopraxy in China, Reconsidering James L. Watson’s Idea”, Modern China, vol. 33: 1, (2007)


Fan, Cunwu (2010-2011) “Confucian ‘Religion’ in the early Republican Period”, Chinese Studies in History 44(1): 132-155.

Lu Zhongwei (2010-2011) “Huidaomen in the Republican period” Chinese Studies in History 44(1): 10-37

Nedostup, Rebecca (2009), Superstitious Regimes: Religion and the Politics of Chinese Modernity, Harvard East Asian Monographs.

*Poon Shuk-wah (2011), Negotiating Religion in Modern China: State and Common People in Guangzhou, 1900-1937, HK: CUHK Press.

Assessment & Assignments


(1) 課堂出席與表現(10%)

(2) 導修表現 (15%)

(3) 讀書報告一篇 (15%)

(4) 中期測驗 (20%)

(3) 學期末開卷論文式考試 (Open book examination) (40%)




*Eastman, Lloyd E.(1988) Family, Field, and Ancestors (New York, Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press)

Ebrey, Patricia and Anne Walthall, (2014) East Asia: a cultural, social and political history, (3rd ed.) Boston, MA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Elvin, Mark (1973) The Pattern of the Chinese Past (Stanford Univ. Press)

Fairbank, John K. and Edwin O. Reischauer (1984) China: Tradition and Transformation (Houghton-Mifflin), Chs. 8-14. Or any later version.

Faure, David (2006) China and Capitalism (Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press)

Grove, Linda and Christian Daniels (eds.) (1984) State and society in China: Japanese perspectives on Ming-Qing social and economic history, Tokyo: Tokyo University Press.

Hucker, Charles D. (1975) China’s Imperial Past: an Introduction to Chinese History and Culture (Stanford: Stanford University Press)

Szonyi, Michael (2017), A companion to Chinese History, New York: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

Honesty in Academic Work

Attention is drawn to University policy and regulations on honesty in academic work, and to the disciplinary guidelines and procedures applicable to breaches of such policy and regulations. Details may be found at

With each assignment, students will be required to submit a signed declaration that they are aware of these policies, regulations, guidelines and procedures.

  • In the case of group projects, all members of the group should be asked to sign the declaration, each of whom is responsible and liable to disciplinary actions, irrespective of whether he/she has signed the declaration and whether he/she has contributed, directly or indirectly, to the problematic contents.
  • For assignments in the form of a computer-generated document that is principally text-based and submitted via VeriGuide, the statement, in the form of a receipt, will be issued by the system upon students’ uploading of the soft copy of the assignment.

Assignments without the properly signed declaration will not be graded by teachers.

Only the final version of the assignment should be submitted via VeriGuide.

The submission of a piece of work, or a part of a piece of work, for more than one purpose (e.g. to satisfy the requirements in two different courses) without declaration to this effect shall be regarded as having committed undeclared multiple submissions. It is common and acceptable to reuse a turn of phrase or a sentence or two from one’s own work; but wholesale reuse is problematic. In any case, agreement from the course teacher(s) concerned should be obtained prior to the submission of the piece of work.

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